Environment

In line with our culture of safeguarding the environment, we deliver services to a broad base of clients where environmental design, identification of the valued ecosystem components and the assessment of impacts on the environment is vital. Our services include Environmental & Sustainable Design, Waste Management, Renewable Energy / Climate Change, Environmental Monitoring & Auditing, Environmental and Social Assessment & Mitigation Plans

 

PROJECTS

  • 2005 - RURAL ACCESS ROAD PROJECT

    Rural Access Road Project

     

    Client: Ministry of Public Works and Highways

    Location: Al Mahaweet Governorate - Hajjah Governorate, Yemen

    Services Provided: Reconnaissance Route Survey, Social Survey, Route Alternatives, Project Reconnaissance Surveys, Economic Analysis, Environmental and Social Analysis, Detailed Design & Feasibility Study, Bidding Documents

    Construction Cost: 35 million USD

    Starting Date: 2005

    Completion Date: 2006

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The objective of this project is to provide feasibility study, detailed design and bidding documents for 6 rural roads in Al Mahweet Governorate with a total length of 104 km, and 2 rural roads in Hajjah Governorate with a total length of 100 km, the grand total length of all rural roads is 204.

     

    Environmental Impact Assessment Study

    The poor condition of the rural transport network in Yemen constitutes a major hurdle against poverty reduction efforts, and contributes deeply to the impedance of economic growth. Rural life development depends to a great deal on having minimum access to locations of basic social and economic activities. The Rural Access Program (RAP) initiated by the Government of Yemen with support from the World Bank aims at improving the livelihood, and reducing the isolation of the rural population in Yemen

     

  • 2006 - EIA STUDY - AUTOMOBILE ASSEMBLY FACTORY

    EIA Study for Automobile Assembly Factory

     

    Client: Ayass Motors Company

    Location: South Amman, Jordan

    Services Provided: Environmental Impact Assessment

    Construction Cost: 30 million USD

    Date: 2006

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The project aimed at conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment for the Automobile Assembly Plant by Ayass Motors Company (AMC). Motor vehicle assembly plants combine automotive parts from equipment manufacturers to produce finished vehicles for sale to consumers. Once they have assembled the components of the vehicle body, the body goes through a series of coating operations.

     

    Series of potential environmental impacts that may appear as a result of project implementation were considered. In addition, mitigative measures that can eliminate or minimize negative impacts of waste handling on health and environment were recommended. Overall assessment of the possible environmental impacts of the proposed vehicle assembly plant was done as well as identifying which activities are likely to give rise to significant adverse impacts. Based on the assessment, proper mitigation and management measures were recommended. The study considered both direct and indirect environmental impacts of the project at all stages (construction, operation, and decommissioning).

     

  • 2006 - ENV. AUDITS OF OLIVE OIL MILLS

    ENV. AUDITS OF OLIVE OIL MILLS

     

    Client: UNDP through Ministry of Environment

    Location: Distributed among various areas, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria

    Services Provided: Environmental Audits

    Starting Date: 2006

    Completion Date: 2007

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    Lebanon, Syria and Jordan rely heavily on olive and olive oil production for local consumption as well as for export. However, olive oil production in these countries is a polluting industry, which contributes to the degradation of water quality and agricultural lands due to the discharge of waste effluents (pomace and vegetation water) in rivers, water bodies and land without prior treatment.

     

    The project's objective was to introduce an integrated waste management system to the olive oil industry in the participating countries by building relevant expertise, setting standards, limits, and introducing cleaner production options, in addition to prevention measures, control and treatment options along with a monitoring strategy and awareness activities to present the project’s achievements and improve the olive oil production.

     

    The assignment included selecting 6 olive oil mills using different oil extraction processes and conducting environmental audits in the identified facilities to assess their impacts on the surrounding environment. This included:

    - Characterizing and quantifying waste streams produced in olive oil processing according to the specific extraction techniques and local practices adopted in the facility(ies), and

    - Carrying out comprehensive laboratory analyses of effluents to identify pollutant levels.

    In addition, a complementary industry was selected and audited and a related audit manual was produced for the selected type of industries.

     

  •  2007 - EIA FOR SOLID WASTE RECYCLING

     EIA FOR SOLID WASTE RECYCLING

     

    Location: Ghabawi, Jordan

    Client: Al-Tadweer

    Services Provided: Environmental impact assessment.

    Starting Date: 2006

    Completion Date: 2007

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The Project consisted of conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment Study for Al-Tadweer Solid Waste Recycling Project at Al-Ghabawi; a recycling plant for municipal waste separation and processing with capacity to process 600 ton/day of solid municipal waste

     

    The plant is equipped with all necessary equipment and machinery to handle raw municipal solid waste as received from collection garbage trucks starting with the separation of various components of waste: Metal (ferrous and non-ferrous), plastic, rubber, glass, organic, paper, cardboard, etc, and ending with useful recycled products.

     

    The EIA study was conducted in accordance with local laws and regulations as well as environmental standards. The main objective of the study was to obtain necessary approvals from the Ministry of Environment.  The study included the following stages:

    - Screening

    - Scoping

    - Environmental Baseline study

    - Impact Assessment stage

    - Proposed Mitigation Measures

    - Proposed Monitoring Plan

    - Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

     

  • 2007- INTEGRATED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

     Integrated Watershed Management

     

    Client: Ministry of Environment

    Location: Jerash, Jordan

    Services Provided: Environmental Assessment and Auditing, Environmental Studies, Detailed Design

    Starting Date: 2007

    Completion Date: 2008

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    Integrated Watershed Management Project Water Harvesting & Springs Rehabilitation

    The Jerash Integrated Watershed Management Project aims at developing integrated watershed management plan for Jordan/Jerash. The Project has identified a number of interventions as potential pilots to be implemented and evaluated within the framework of the Project. The scope of required services comprise the following:

    - Water harvesting

    - Developing, maintaining, and protecting 9 water springs in two of the three watershed areas and the relevant structural components to include fences and channels in the Burma and Mu'rad regions

    - Establishing Local Environmental Community Awareness Center in Mu'rad region with an area of 400 m2.

    - Conducting an Environmental Degradation Study in the Targeted Area to include the investigation of economic and social impacts and provision of strategic recommendations to control/minimize these impacts

    - Conducting an Environmental Auditing Study to Olives Mills in Jerash to include the investigation of economic and social impacts and provision of strategic recommendations to control/minimize these adverse impacts

    - Supervising the construction of the proposed project interventions

     

  • 2008 - KING ABDULLAH II PARK

    KING ABDULLAH II PARK

     

    Location: Al-Mugablain - Amman, Jordan

    Client: Greater Amman Municipality (GAM)

    Services Provided: Preparation of Master Plan, Engineering Design, Detailed Design, and Tender Documents.

    Construction Cost: 7 million USD

    Starting Date: 2008

    Completion Date: 2009

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    - Urban Development

    - Landscaping

    - Traffic Studies

    - Design of Buildings, museums, and auditoriums

    - Design of required infrastructure works to include water supply (network & reservoirs & pump stations), wastewater collection networks, storm water drainage networks, and the irrigation network (length = 4 km, and all components to include pump stations, reservoirs and tanks, etc.).

     

  • 2009 - MEDICAL & INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATMENT

    Medical & Industrial Waste Treatment

     

    Client: Metwaste

    Country: Ghabawi (23 km from central Amman), Jordan

    Services Provided: Environmental Impact Study

    Starting Date: 2009

    Completion Date: 2010

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The EIA will develop measures to mitigate the impacts, where required, as a mean to limit the adverse impacts on the environment and to promote sustainable development.  The procedure to be followed for carrying out the EIA has to conform to the European Union Directives and the procedure approved by the Jordanian Ministry of Environment.

     

    In accordance with current practices and the Ministry's requirements, the assignment will consist of the following phases:

    1. Scoping

    2. Prediction and Evaluation of Impacts

    3. Development of Mitigation Measures and Monitoring Plan

    4. Preparation of Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

     

  •  2010 - EIA FOR PRODUCTION - IRRIGATED FORAGE CROPS

    EIA FOR PRODUCTION - IRRIGATED FORAGE CROPS

     

    Client: Ministry of Environment- Environmental Compensation Unit

    Country: The Jordan Badia region, Jordan

    Services Provided: EIA & Feasibility Study

    Starting Date: 2010

    Completion Date: 2011

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    Specific objectives of the project are to:

    1. To produce barley as a forage crop in the northern Badia using available surface water resources of existing dams and involving local pastoral community.

    2. To compensate the livestock owners to reach the optimum management for their stocks.

    3. To reduce grazing pressures and consequently, this will achieve the main objectives of the Environmental Claim Unit, funded by the UNCC.

     

    The specific objectives of the EIA and the Feasibility Study are:

    - Ensuring environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process

    - Ensuring that possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimized

    - Informing the public about the proposal

    - Modify and improve design

    - Ensure efficient resource use

    - Enhance social aspects

    - Identify key impacts and measures for mitigating them

    - Inform decision-making and condition-setting

    - Avoid serious and irreversible damage to the environment

     

  • 2011 - EIA FOR WATER SPRINGS REHABILITATION

     EIA for Water Springs Rehabilitation

     

    Client: MercyCorps

    Location: Tafila & Ajloun Governorate - Jordan

    Services Provided: EIA & EMP

    Starting Date: 2011

    Completion Date: 2012

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    These studies came within the framework of Integrated Water and Energy Resources Management Project which is funded by USAID and implemented in five rural areas in Jordan.

    The purpose of the project is to conduct two EIA studies for spring and irrigation canals rehabilitation projects in two sites, as the following:

    1. Rehabilitation of water spring and maintenance of irrigation canal in Erwaim village / Tafila governorate,

    2. Rehabilitation of water spring and maintenance of irrigation canal in Urjan village / Ajloun governorate

    The core attention of the EIA study is to assess negative and positive impacts of proposed projects in addition to prepare environmental management plan to mitigate the adverse effects on the environment.

     

    The main activities that covered by the study, are as follow:

    - Reconstruction of springs outflow structure,

    - Maintenance of exist water storage reservoir to be used for livestock watering,

    - Prepare site for watering livestock,

    - Prepare site for water abstraction and conveyance canals within spring area,

    - Replacement of 700m of open irrigation canals with closed irrigation pipes to reduce water losses.

     

  • 2011 - JORDAN RIFT VALLEY IMPROVEMENT

    Jordan Rift Valley Improvement

     

    Client: Jordan Valley Authority

    Location: Jordan Valley, Jordan

    Services Provided: Assessment of feasibility studies, detailed design and preparations of terms of references

    Date: 2011

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The project aims at drafting the vision of development of the valley for the next twenty years. The JRVIP consists of three parts; first, rehabilitation of existing water resources and irrigation networks, second, restructuring and set up of JVA and finally improvement of the water quality of the valley. The total investment of all the project segments is 50 million JD, will be dispused within five years of implementation.

     

  • 2013 - EIA FOR KACST NEW TAIF TECHNOLOGY PARK

    EIA for KACST New Taif Technology Park

     

    Client: Morganti - UAE

    Location: Taif, Saudi Arabia

    Services Provided: Environmental Assessment Study, Environmental Management Plan

    Date: 2013

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The aim of the EIA report is to provide description of the proposed project, the environment baseline information of the proposed project site, assessment of the proposed project anticipated impacts on the environmental and socio-economical components of the project area, and provides recommendations for impacts mitigation and monitoring. Also, present a detailed rehabilitation plan to be implemented progressively during the lifetime of the project.

     

    The KACST New Taif city comprises of a total area of 60sq km, KACST and Souk Okaz properties are key components of the holistic framework plan. The New Taif Technology City will be “a vibrant, sustainable and connecting city that showcases the best in urban planning and supporting balanced economic and social development across the Makkah province, while preserving local culture”

     

  • 2014 - QUEEN ALIA INT. AIRPORT HIGHWAY

    Environmental Monitoring, provision of assistance for the implementation of the Environmental Management Oversight Program (EMOP)

     

    Client: Louis Berger SAS

    Location: Amman - Jordan

    Services Provided: Construction Supervision

    Cost: 19 Million USD

    Starting Date: 2008

    Completion Date: 2018

     

     

    Project Description

     

    The Scope of work includes the initial setup and follow-up of the implementation of the Environmental Management Oversight Program (EMOP) for Queen Alia International Airport.  The key aspects of the environmental oversight performed are in fulfillment of the Construction Environmental Management Plan (CEMP). The overall objective is to ensure that the Contractor’s Environmental Management Program is functioning properly, in a manner consistent with the applicable references. Specific tasks include:

    - Review the CEMP and specialist procedures and identify any areas of improvement.

    - Identify the environmental competence of the Contractor working on the Project.

    - Review method statements for environmental aspects and advise of any suggested improvements prior to work starting.

    - Supervise the execution of the EMOP and monitor construction activities.

    - Identify and oversee the performance of specialized testing for contamination as required.

     

    The following are monitored and Audited for conformity- but not limited to:

    - Air quality including vehicular emissions and Dust.

    - Noise Management.

    - Solid waste management.

    - Wastewater management and disposal.

    - Fuel management and storage.

    - Storage of chemical compounds and Hazardous material.

    - Safety induction training

    - Control on site entrances.

    - Reporting of spills procedure.

    - Procedure for handling of material.

    - Public Safety and Safety of the workers and visitors.

    - Contractor’s & Sub-contractor’s construction camps.

     

  • 2014 - PREPARATION OF (EMP) FOR AZRAQ TO BURQU

     

    Preparation of (EMP) for Azraq to Burqu

     

    Client: The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature

    Location: Azraq - Burqu Corridor, Jordan

    Services Provided: Environmental Management Plan

    Starting Date: 2014

    Completion Date: 2015

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The project is part of the Jordan Badia Ecosystem and Livelihoods Program (BELP) which is aimed at expanding ecotourism into the northeast Badia by using the nature reserves managed by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) in Azraq and Shaumari and their related tourism facilities as a starting point, from which a 250 km ecotourism corridor will be developed reaching the Burqu' Reserve (soon to be declared a Protected Area) in the northeast as an end point. The corridor will be developed around a concept of "low volume, high value" community-centered ecotourism looking to attract tourists interested in archeology, geology, and other environment-centered experiences, while engaging local communities in the operation of the route.

     

    The specific objective of the assignment is to prepare an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) specific for investments that will to be carried out within Azraq to Burqu Ecotourism Corridor.

     

    The EMP was developed taking into consideration the following:

    - ESMP and Process Framework that have been prepared for the project as a whole.

    - World Bank safeguard policies that are applicable to the Project (OP4.01, OP4.04, OP4.11, and OPA12),

    - Ministry of Environment’s Regulation No. 37 of 2005.

     

    The EMP was developed specifically to target the proposed infrastructures (eco-tourism facilities), outlining the potential environmental impacts and proposed mitigating measures along with monitoring actions to be undertaken as part of the Project.

     

     

    Assignment Name: Preparation of a Comprehensive Environmental Management Plan (EMP) for Azraq to Burqu Ecotourism Corridor

    Country: Jordan

    Location within country: Azraq - Burqu Corridor

    Professional Staff Provided by your Firm/Entity(profiles):Environmental Engineer

    Name of Client:The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature

    No. of staff Months;- Duration of Assignment: 2 months

    Start Date: 1/12/2014

    Completion Date: 1/2/2015

    Approx. Value of Services (in Current US$):15,000 USD

     

     

    Narrative Description of Project:

     

    The project is part of the Jordan Badia Ecosystem and Livelihoods Program (BELP) which is aimed at expanding ecotourism into the northeast Badia by using the nature reserves managed by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) in Azraq and Shaumari and their related tourism facilities as a starting point, from which a 250 km ecotourism corridor will be developed reaching the Burqu' Reserve (soon to be declared a Protected Area) in the northeast as an end point. The corridor will be developed around a concept of "low volume, high value" community-centered ecotourism looking to attract tourists interested in archeology, geology, and other environment-centered experiences, while engaging local communities in the operation of the route.

     

    The specific objective of the assignment is to prepare an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) specific for investments that will to be carried out within Azraq to Burqu Ecotourism Corridor.

     

    The EMP was developed taking into consideration the following:

     • ESMP and Process Framework that have been prepared for the project as a whole.

     • World Bank safeguard policies that are applicable to the Project (OP4.01, OP4.04, OP4.11, and OPA12),

     • Ministry of Environment’s Regulation No. 37 of 2005.

     

    The EMP was developed specifically to target the proposed infrastructures (eco-tourism facilities), outlining the potential environmental impacts and proposed mitigating measures along with monitoring actions to be undertaken as part of the Project.

    Description of Actual Services Provided by Your Staff:

    Environmental Management Plan

     

     

  • 2014 - CLAY & POZZOLANA MINING ACTIVITIES

    EIA for Clay & Pozzolana Mining activities

     

    Client: Modern Cement & Mining Company (MANASEER)

    Location: Jordan

    Services Provided: EIA & EMP

    Date: 2013

     

    Project Description:

     

    The project aim to conduct three EIA studies for the following mining projects:

    - Clay & Porcellanite Mining for Halaleef Site - Swaqa Area

    - Clay Mining for Al- Mutarammil site - Qatrana Area

    - Pozzolana “Mining Form Jurf Al- Drawish Site - Tafiela Area

     

    The purpose of these projects is to extract the Pozzolana & Clay minerals at the project areas to be used in the industry of Portland cement industry.

     

    Two mining methods are used in this project (a) for Pozzolana, combination of strip and terrace mining methods and (b) for Clay, Open Pit (Open Cast) method.

     

    The prepared EIA reports provide description of the proposed project, the environment baseline information of the proposed project site, assessment of the proposed project anticipated impacts on the environmental and socio-economical components of the project area, and provides recommendations for impacts mitigation and monitoring. Also, present a detailed rehabilitation plan to be implemented progressively during the lifetime of the project.

     

  • 2015- SUBAIHI PROJECT

    Environmental Impact Assessment for extension of the existing Gypsum Mine at Al Sbehi Area

     

     

    Client: Taleb Shaker Corporate for Mining

    Location: Salt, Jordan

    Services Provided: Env. Impact Assessment (EIA) & Env. Management Plan

    Starting Date: 2014

    Completion Date: 2015

     

     

    Project Description:

     

    The project aim to conduct Environmental Impact Assessment study for Environmental Impact Assessment for extension of the existing Gypsum Mine at Al Sbehi Area.

     

    The purpose of these projects is to extract the gypsum minerals at the project areas for commercial uses.

     

    The prepared EIA reports provide description of the proposed project, the environment baseline information of the proposed project site, assessment of the proposed project anticipated impacts on the environmental and socio-economical components of the project area, and provides recommendations for impacts mitigation and monitoring. Also, present a detailed rehabilitation plan to be implemented progressively during the lifetime of the project.

     

  • 2014- S.W.M.S - AYLA DEVELOPMENT

    Solid Waste Management System for Ayla Development

     

    Client: Clean City Co.

    Location: Aqaba, Jordan

    Services Provided: Solid Waste Management Plan

    Start Date: 2013

    Completion Date: 2014

     

    Project Description

     

    Re-engineering of Solid Waste Management System for Ayla Development Project.

    Ayla is a unique waterfront mixed-use development, which is anticipated to dramatically transform the city of Aqaba by creating approximately 17 kilometers of new seafront from a 250-meter seafront strip on the Gulf of Aqaba.

     

    The Project is envisaged to comprise a variety of up-market hotels, residential communities, a 24-hole golf course and a town centre that encompasses a retail mal" offices, cafes, entertainment and recreational facilities. Given an exceptional mix of modern amenities and conveniences, Ayla is anticipated to attract an array of residents and visitors seeking an idyllic destination for relaxing, recharging, socializing and entertainment.

  • 2016- DEMOLITION OF AQABA MAIN PORT

    Demolition of Aqaba Main Port

     

    Client: Aqaba development Corporation

    Location: Aqaba, Jordan

    Start Date: 2016

     

    Project Description:

     

    The aim of the project: Hand Over to the Developer the Site Equivalent to a Greenfield Site .

    Demolition and Contamination Clean Up of the Aqaba Main Port Existing Facilities.

     

    Service Provided:

     • Engineering Studies, Drawings and Reports, which include; Topographic and Bathymetric Survey, Data Collection stating the going on activities and services, Site Investigations to give a detailed description of all kinds of existing structures and facilities on shore and off shore, Environment Base Line which include Air quality, Benthic flora and fauna, Water quality, Onshore flora and fauna.

     • Preparing Tender Documents, which include:

     • Specifications describing demolition stages, demolition and transportation of dangerous materials, safety precautions, demolition of steel structures, how to deal with salvage materials…etc.

     • Bill of Quantities; includes for each structure quantities of demolished materials and salvage material, and cost estimate of demolishing work, and salvage materials value,

     • Conditions of Contract, which was modified out of FIDIC red book to suit the type of work.

     • Demolition and contamination clean up report

     

  • 2017- CONSULTANCY DESIGN FOR HEMREEN DAM

    Consultancy Design for Hemreen Dam

     

    Client: UNDP - Iraq

    Location: Diyala Governorate, Iraq

    Services Provided: preliminary and detailed design

    Date: 2017

     

    Project Description

     

    Provision of Consultancy Design Services for Hemreen Cladding Dam Project - Diyala Governorate

     

    A fast track project with an approximate duration of 1 month. The works include erosion protection for the lack sided road, as the sided road eroded due to raise of water level. The consultant has carried out assessment of the current condition and provided details for erosion protection (B.O.Q, design drawings, section details, and specifications) in full coordination with the relevant Iraqi Authorities and UNDP representative engineer. All technical specifications are in accordance with Iraqi roads and bridges standards.

     

    The project is divided into two phases as following:

    Phase I: Conceptual Drawings (Preliminary Design)

    Phase II: Detailed Designs and Portions

  • 2017- PETRA ARCHEOLOGICAL PARK - PAP

    Petra Archeological Park - PAP

     

    Client: UNDP Jordan

    Location: Petra Region, Jordan

    Services Provided: Baseline Assessment, Preparation of Nomination file, Training and EMP

    Start Date: 2015

    Completion Date: 2017

     

    Project Description:

     

    Petra Archeological Park Ecological and Natural Heritage Baseline Assessment and Management Plan Development.

    The envisgeted assignemnt is component of the “Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation in the Tourism Sector Development in Jordan” Project. The project is also implemented by four other national entities namely, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MoTA), the Ministry of Municipal Affairs (MoMA), the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA), and the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN).

     

    The Main Goal of the Assignment is "to assess the ecological/natural heritage and socio economic values and attributes of the Petra Archeological Park as a potential site for inclusion in the National Protected Areas Network, and the preparation of its natural heritage management plan for PAP and its buffer zone as an integral component of the comprehensive management plan for the World Heritage Site".

  • 2018- ISWMP OF KHALID ALHASAN CANCER CENTER

    ISWMP of Khalid Alhasan Cancer Center

     

     Client: Palestinian Economic Council for Development & Reconstruction (PECDAR)

    Location: Ramallah, Palestine

    Services Provided: Environmental Impact Assessment

    Start Date: 2017

    Completion Date: 2018

     

     

    Project Description

     

    Khalid Al-Hasan Cancer Center (KHACC) at Ramallah/Palestine - Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan (ISWMP)

     

    The work comprises master planning, detailed design and preparation of tender documents for construction and supply and installation of medical and office equipment, supply of furniture and other engineering and managerial procedures necessary to bring the work to the tender readiness state for the Construction of the Khalid Al Hasan Cancer Center at Surda /Ramallah (KHACC). Project components include electrical, mechanical and medical generators, transformers, a 500 m3 capacity water tank, the waste water treatment plant, boundary and retaining walls, stairs, yards, a structure or structures for entrance and exists with security cabinets for checking purposes. The total built-up facilities’ area is approximately 50,000 m2 in the first phase (200 Beds) which will be expanded to another (200 Beds) in the coming 15 years.

     

    The Solid Waste scope includes the following:

    -Waste Management

    -Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)